A risk control measure applied to underlying assets whereby the value of those underlying assets is calculated as the market value of the assets reduced by a certain percentage (the “haircut”). Haircuts are applied by a collateral taker in order to protect itself from losses resulting from declines in the market value of a security in the event that it needs to liquidate that collateral.
Banking services which retail customers of credit institutions can access using various kinds of telecommunication device (e.g. telephones, mobile phones, television sets, terminals or personal computers).
A system that combines the characteristics of RTGS systems (e.g. the continuous processing and clearing of transfer orders) and net settlement systems (the operation of several settlement cycles per day, some form of netting procedure for transfer orders, etc.). See also
net settlement system real-time gross settlement (RTGS) system