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Payments and markets glossary

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e-commerce
The sale or purchase of goods or services through electronic transactions conducted via the internet or other computer-mediated networks.
earmarking
A technique for identifying collateral whereby assets provided as collateral are attributed to individual transactions. Antonym:
collateral pool
EBPP
See
Electronic Bill Presentment and Payment (EBPP; electronic invoicing)
EDI
See
electronic data interchange (EDI)
EFTPOS terminal
A terminal which captures payment information by electronic means and transmits such information either online or offline. “EFTPOS” stands for “electronic funds transfer at point of sale”. See also
point-of-sale (POS) terminal
Electronic Bill Presentment and Payment (EBPP; electronic invoicing)
Services which enable the electronic transmission, browsing and payment of invoices.
electronic data interchange (EDI)
The exchange between commercial entities (in some cases also public administrations), in a standardised electronic format, of data relating to a number of message categories, such as orders, invoices, customs documents, remittance advices and payments. EDI messages are sent through public data transmission networks or banking system channels. Any movement of funds initiated by EDI is reflected in payment instructions flowing through the banking system. UN/CEFACT, a United Nations body, has established a set of standards relating to electronic data interchange for administration, commerce and transport (EDIFACT).
electronic invoicing
See
Electronic Bill Presentment and Payment (EBPP; electronic invoicing)
electronic money
A monetary value, represented by a claim on the issuer, which is: 1) stored on an electronic device (e.g. a card or computer); 2) issued upon receipt of funds in an amount not less in value than the monetary value received; and 3) accepted as a means of payment by undertakings other than the issuer.
electronic money institution (ELMI)
A term used in EU legislation to designate credit institutions which are governed by a simplified regulatory regime because their activity is limited to the issuance of electronic money and the provision of financial and non-financial services closely related to the issuance of electronic money.
electronic purse
See
multi-purpose prepaid card (electronic purse)
electronic signature (digital signature)
A string of data, generated by a cryptographic method, which is attached to an electronic message in order to guarantee its authenticity, identify the signatory and link the content to that signatory (thereby protecting the recipient against repudiation by the sender).
eligible assets (eligible collateral)
Assets which can be used as collateral in order to obtain credit from the Eurosystem.
eligible collateral
See
eligible assets (eligible collateral)
ELMI
See
electronic money institution (ELMI)
EMIR
European Market Infrastructure Regulation
EMV
An acronym describing the set of specifications developed by the consortium EMVCo, which is promoting the global standardisation of electronic financial transactions – in particular the global interoperability of chip cards. “EMV” stands for “Europay, MasterCard and Visa”.
ERPB
Euro Retail Payments Board
euro short-term rate (€STR)
A reference rate, based on money market statistical reporting data collected by the Eurosystem, reflecting the wholesale euro unsecured overnight borrowing costs of banks located in the euro area and first published by the ECB on 2 October 2019. The €STR is published on each TARGET2 business day on the basis of the previous day’s trading activity.
€STR
See
euro short-term rate (€STR)
Eurosystem
The central banking system of the euro area. It comprises the ECB and the national central banks of those EU Member States whose currency is the euro. See also
euro area
European Central Bank (ECB)
European System of Central Banks (ESCB)
national central bank (NCB)
exchange-for-value settlement system
A general term referring to systems which simultaneously exchange the two assets involved in a foreign exchange transaction or a securities transaction. See also
delivery versus delivery
delivery versus payment
payment versus payment
exit criteria
Criteria determining whether an existing participant in a system should cease participation or not. The participant’s exit may be voluntary, or it may be compulsory (e.g. following the opening of insolvency proceedings).
exposure
The loss that would be incurred if a certain risk materialised. See also
bilateral exposure