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Payments and markets glossary

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G

general clearing member
A member of a clearing house that clears on its own behalf, on behalf of its customers and on behalf of other market participants. See also
clearing member
direct clearing member
non-clearing member
gift card or voucher
A physical or virtual card entitling the recipient to receive goods or services of a specified value from the issuer.
global certificate
A single physical certificate that covers all or part of an issue of securities. See also
global note
global custodian
A custodian that provides its customers with custody services in respect of securities traded and settled in several countries around the world.
global note
The term used when a global certificate relates to fixed income instruments (e.g. bonds). See also
global certificate
governance
Procedures through which the objectives of a legal entity are set, the means of achieving them are identified and the performance of the entity is measured. This refers, in particular, to the set of relationships between the entity’s owners, board of directors, management, users and regulators, as well as other stakeholders that influence these outcomes.
gridlock
A situation that can arise in a funds or securities transfer system in which a failure to execute one or more transfer orders prevents the execution of a substantial number of orders submitted by other participants. See also
queuing
systemic risk
gross margining
A mechanism whereby the margin that a participant posts in a central counterparty (CCP) for its customers’ positions is the sum of the requirements for individual customers.
gross settlement
The settlement of transfer orders one by one. See also
net settlement
gross settlement system
A transfer system in which transfer orders are settled one by one. See also
net settlement system
real-time gross settlement (RTGS) system
guarantee fund
A fund which compensates non-defaulting participants for losses which they suffer in the event that one or more participants default on their obligations. See also
clearing fund
collateral pool